Law is the set of rules imposed by authority that command what is right and prohibit what is wrong. These rules must be permanent as to time, uniform as to all persons, and universal as to location. They also must be consistent with the principles of justice.
Laws are important to ensure that our society functions smoothly and everyone is treated fairly. When someone breaks a law, they may be punished for it, like getting a fine or going to jail.
People can have disputes over property, for example, if two people claim the same piece of land. But rather than fighting, they can turn to the courts, which can help decide who owns it. The law can also protect basic rights like privacy, liberty and equality.
There are many different types of legal systems, which vary from country to country and even within a single country. However, they do tend to have some similarities based on historically accepted ideas of justice.
The process by which law is adopted, administered, adjudicated and enforced is transparent, publicly promulgated, stable, and equal. It also includes respect for international human rights standards and norms, separation of powers, participation in decision-making, accountability, legal certainty, avoidance of arbitrariness, and fairness and impartiality in the administration of justice.